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Geography

Location

The Moravian-Silesian region is located in the most eastern part of the Czech Republic. From Prague city centre its about 300 km as the crow flies. By converting this figure to a transportation time, it is only 1 hour by air, 3 hours by rail and 4 hours by road. If we perceive the region supra-regionally, its position is very conveniently on the border of three countries almost in the centre of the European area. If you look at the whole of Europe, the region is situated between the Austrian Vienna, Polish Hornoslezskou agglomeration and Slovak Bratislava. Power of this position throughout the region is further emphasized by the regional participants trying to link some of the activities of Moravian-Silesian region, Žilina Autonomous Region and Województwa Śląskiego in certain activities with a view of creating significant territorial centres in the European perspective.

Administrative structuring of the Region

The Moravian-Silesian region was established together with the other 13 Czech regions on 1st January 2001 on the basis of legislation adopted in 2000. After a single territorial change in 2005, the region area is 5 427 km² and consists of a total of 6 former districts (from the west Bruntál, Opava, Nový Jičín, Ostrava-city, Karviná and Frýdek-Místek) and 22 municipal districts with an extended competence. This region has 5 statutory cities, 35 towns, 3 townships and 299 villages.

The surface area of the region

The Moravian-Silesian region is in the west, east and partly in the south bordered with mountains ranges. The Mountain range with the highest mountain Praděd (1 492 m) is Hrubý Jeseník on the western border of the region. In the southeast and east, along the borders with Slovakia and Poland there are located Moravian-Silezian Beskydy. The highest of which is Lysa (1 323 m) and Radhošť (1 129 m). The southwestern part of the region consists of unspoilt areas called Nízký Jeseník and Oderské vrchy. Between mountains there are lower-lying areas, particularly the southernmost ledge of Silesian lowlands, which is consisted by Opavsko-ostravská basin. Further to the south there is a natural area called Moravská brána. Through the lower locations flow important rivers Odra, Opava, Ostravice, Olše, etc.