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Memorials and memorial plaques

The Memorial to the Životice Tragedy in Havířov-Životice

Památník Životické Tragédie

This memorial by academic sculptor Franciszek Świdr houses a permanent exhibition called The Occupation and Resistance Movement in the Těšín Region. It reminds us of the suffering and defiance of the local people during the Second World War. It opened five years after an event that occurred on 6 August 1944 and is today referred to as the “Životice tragedy”: 36 men from Životice and its surrounding villages were shot and killed by the Gestapo. Occasional exhibitions are held in the memorial.

The Memorial Plaque to American Pilots in Raduň and a nature trail

In 2002, a memorial plaque to American pilots of a B-24 Liberator bomber that was attacked by German fighters and was shot down near the village of Vršovice was unveiled in front of the church. Four years later, the Raduň – Jakubčovice nature trail was opened. It commemorates the fight and the fall of the bomber.

The Memorial Plaque to Czechoslovak Tank Men – Bolatice

This memorial plaque to 21 Czechoslovak tank men who fell during heavy fighting around the village is found in the local cemetery along the northern church wall.

The Memorial to Czechoslovak Tank Men in Sudice

This memorial was erected in 1980 near the place where, on 15 April 1945, Czechoslovak tank men first fought their way through upper Bohemia. The older memorial is from 1960.

The Victory Monument in Opava

In 2007, this new Victory Monument was unveiled in Janáčkovy sady Park. It includes a renovated 1980 memorial to a Red Army soldier and a large memorial plaque dedicated to Czechoslovak soldiers who largely contributed to fighting in the Ostrava region – the Opava Operation.

The Memorial to Czechoslovak Tank Men in Slezská Ostrava

Tank No. 051, a T-34/85, was the first to cross the bridge over the Ostravice River on 30 April 1945 when Ostrava was liberated. It has been placed opposite Sýkora’s Bridge in Slezská Ostrava. Today, it is a memorial to the first Czechoslovak Independent Tank Brigade in the USSR.

The Zborov Memorial to the First and Second Exile Resistance Movements Abroad

This original memorial from 1927 is dedicated to the battle of Zborov in 1917. During the Second World War, it was damaged by the Nazis and was again unveiled in 1947. It also includes memorial plaques containing earth from First and Second World War battlefields.

The Red Army Memorial in J.A.Komenský Park

The memorial houses 668 urns with ashes of Soviet soldiers and Czech citizens who fell during the liberation of Ostrava in 1945. One of the urns contains the ashes of Czechoslovak tank man Štěpán Vajda, a USSR hero. The memorial was unveiled on the first anniversary of Ostrava’s liberation in 1946. Since 1978, it has been a national cultural monument.

The Memorial Plaque at General Heliodor Píka’s Birth House

This memorial plaque is placed in front of Heliodor Píka’s birth house, a General in Memoriam. Similar plaque by academic sculptor Lukešová is placed on Opava’s town hall.

The Silesian Resistant Movement Memorial on Ostrá hůrka in Háj ve Slezsku

Ostrá hůrka Hill is located south of Háj ve Slezsku. Beginning in 1869, it became a site for mass meetings; the very first one was attended by 15,000 people from throughout Silesia. The granite memorial on Hůrka was unveiled in 1929 and earth from various First World War battlefields is deposited here. In 1938, the memorial was destroyed by Nazi soldiers. The renovated memorial was unveiled in 1969 on the hundredth anniversary of Hůrka. In 1993, a plaque commemorating Silesian prisoners of war was added. Artefacts containing earth from First and Second World War battlefields, execution places and concentration camps, including period documentation, were placed into a renovated sarcophagus in 2004.

The Memorial of WW II in Hrabyně

Památník v Hrabyni

The memorial will be open to the public after reconstruction in the spring of 2009. Its attractiveness and uniqueness rest especially in the fact that the exposition uses the latest trends in the organization of exhibits – modern information technologies and audio-visual systems which are supplemented by arranged scenes to closer remind us of the period of WWII.